International medical graduates (IMGs) play an essential role in the US health care system and comprise about 25% of physicians in practice. All IMGs go through the US medical licensing examination and verifying of credentials to receive certification from the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) to become eligible to enter the practice in the United States.
In 2020, according to the National Residency Matching Program (NRMP), of the number of U.S. citizen international medical school students and graduates (IMGs), 61% percent matched to PGY-1 positions, representing the highest match rate since 1991. Of the non-U.S. citizen IMGs, 61.1% matched to first-year positions in 2020. (Source: NRMP)
In 2020, for IMGs, this was the highest match rate since the 1990s.
What countries do most of the IMGs come from?
According to a 2013 JAOA article, the top countries in which IMGs match into a U.S residency are: India, Grenada, Dominica, Pakistan, and St. Maarten.
Based on a report from the Federal State Medical Boards FSMB), of the medical schools in Pakistan, Dow Medical College is one of the largest medical schools whose students match into a U.S residency. In India, Osmania Medical College in Hyderabad has one of the most significant numbers of graduates licensed in the United States. (Source: FSMB)
As for other medical schools whose students match into U.S residency, St. George’s University in the Caribbean places the highest number of graduates.